Dermatitis is a skin condition that can cause redness, swelling, and itching. It can be uncomfortable and even painful, but fortunately, there are treatments available to help. Routine application of a moisturizer can help the skin, and hydrocortisone cream may temporarily relieve symptoms. Oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine, can also help reduce itching.
For mild skin inflammations, over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream may be enough to treat the condition. For more severe cases of dermatitis, your doctor may recommend a prescription corticosteroid cream and an oral antihistamine to relieve severe itching. If a secondary infection develops, an antibiotic may be necessary. Severe dermatitis may require corticosteroid pills or injections.
Cold-pressed virgin coconut oil can also be applied directly to the skin after bathing and up to several times a day for added hydration. Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory drugs that can be very effective in relieving the symptoms of eczema and dermatitis. These drugs suppress the activity of some immune cells, which disrupts the inflammatory process and prevents itching, redness, and swelling. Eczema is a general term for skin conditions similar to skin rashes, with atopic dermatitis being the most common type. When scratched, the skin becomes red and inflamed (swollen). Eczema is more common in infants but can also affect children and adults.
Atopic dermatitis and eczema can start as dry, very itchy skin that eventually becomes red, swollen, and painful when scratched. A clear liquid may leak from the rash. Over time, the rash will form a crust and begin to heal. Common places for the rash are in the folds of the elbows, behind the knees, on the cheeks, and on the buttocks. Most cases of contact dermatitis go away several weeks after starting treatment and avoiding the allergic trigger.
If you can identify and avoid the substance that causes contact dermatitis, your symptoms should improve or even disappear altogether.