Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition that causes the skin to become dry, red, itchy, and lumpy. It is more common in children, but most will outgrow it by the time they reach adolescence. Although there is no cure for eczema, there are treatments available to help manage the symptoms and prevent outbreaks. The first step in treating eczema is to identify and avoid any triggers that may be causing the condition to worsen.
Common triggers include soaps, detergents, cosmetics, and other irritants. It is also important to keep the skin moisturized with emollients or ointments to prevent it from drying out. Prescription medications such as chrysaborol (Eucrisa) and topical corticosteroids may be prescribed to help relieve inflammation and itching. Chrysaborol is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that can be used for mild to moderate forms of eczema in patients 2 years and older.
Topical corticosteroids come in different concentrations depending on the severity of the eczema and the areas of the skin affected. Natural remedies such as aloe vera, coconut oil, and apple cider vinegar may also be used to help relieve symptoms of eczema. However, there is no evidence that removing house dust mites from the home helps with eczema. In some cases, severe eczema may require more aggressive treatments such as wet wrap therapy.
This is an innovative treatment that involves wrapping wet bandages around the affected area to help reduce inflammation and allow the skin underneath to heal. If you have eczema, it is important to talk to your doctor about the best treatment options for you. With proper treatment and lifestyle changes, it is possible to manage your symptoms and prevent outbreaks.