Eczema is a term used to describe a variety of skin conditions that cause inflammation, irritation, and itching. The most common type is atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema. It is a chronic condition that can affect people of all ages, but it is most common in children. Symptoms include dry, red, itchy skin and rashes on the face, inside the elbows and behind the knees, and on the hands and feet.
Scratching the skin can make it even more red, swollen, and itchy. Atopic dermatitis is caused by an overactive immune system that causes the skin barrier to dry and itch. People of color who have eczema may also have dark or light patches on their skin even after the symptoms of eczema have subsided. Although there is no cure for eczema, there are treatments available to help manage symptoms and prevent outbreaks.
These include home remedies, moisturizers, medications, lifestyle changes, and alternative treatments such as bleach baths, cryotherapy, medical-grade honey, meditation, and acupuncture. It is important to note that nummular eczema and ringworm have similar symptoms but require different treatment plans. If you think you may have eczema, it is important to speak to your doctor or dermatologist to get an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.